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フリガナテイラー マシュー アロン
ローマ字TAYLOR Matthew Aaron
氏名TAYLOR, Matthew Aaron
メールtaylor@kinjo-u.ac.jp
学位TESOL(修士) 
所属文学部 / 英語英米文化学科
職名教授
所属学会
専門分野文学   
研究課題English Language Teaching English Education for Children Mimetic Theory 

学会及び社会における活動等

開始年月 活動内容 終了年月
1989年 4月 大学英語教育協会(JACET)会員 1995年 3月迄
1989年 4月 全国語学教師協会(JALT)会員 2001年 3月迄
2003年 7月 暴力と宗教研究会会員The Colloquium on Violence and Religion(COV&R) 2005年 8月迄
2010年 2月 Imitatio Japan 2010年12月迄
2010年12月 Japan Girard Association (日本ジラール協会)
2011年 8月 Generative Anthropology Society and Conference (GASC)
2011年 8月 暴力と宗教研究会会員The Colloquium on Violence and Religion(COV&R) 2013年 7月迄
2017年 9月 暴力と宗教研究会会員The Colloquium on Violence and Religion(COV&R) 現在に至る
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受賞歴

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著書

著書名 単著、
共著の別
出版年月 発行所・発表雑誌等 概要
In My Life 共著 1999年 4月 Kinjjo Gakuin University This is a textbook designed to teach English speaking skills to first year English majors at Japanese Universities. It teaches students to talk about topics in their lives (self-introduction, life history, family and friends, daily life, home, and future plans). It has exercises for free conversation practice, speeches, pronunciation, and interviews.223pages. D.Kluge, M.Taylor
We Can Work It Out 共著 2000年 4月 Kinjjo Gakuin University This is a textbook designed to teach English speaking skills to second year English majors at Japanese Universities. It teaches students how to make requests, give direction or instructions, express opinions, and make plans. It emphasises "roleplays" or scenarios and pronunciation. 224pages. D.Kluge, M.Taylor
Let's Talk 共著 2003年 4月 Kinjjo Gakuin University This is a textbook designed to teach English speaking skills to first year students at Japanese Universities who are not English majors. It teaches students to talk about topics in their lives (self-introduction, life history, family and friends, daily life, home and future plans). It has exercises for free conversation practice, speeches, pronunciation, and interviews. 223pages. D.Kluge, M.Taylor
Writing Research Papers 共著 2005年 4月 Kinjjo Gakuin University This is a textbook designed to teach academic writing skills to third year English majors at Japanese Universities. It teaches students how to find a topic, research a topic, make note cards, make a thesis statement, make an outline, write and revise a short (5 page) research paper. It also teaches students about academic style and common mistakes of grammar and vocabulary that they should avoid. 197pages. D.Kluge, M.Taylor
Basic Steps to Writing Research Papers 共著 2007年 3月 Cengage Learning This is a textbook designed to teach academic writing skills to Japanese University students. It teaches students how to find a topic, research a topic, make note cards, make a thesis statement, make an outline, write and revise a short (5 page) research paper. It also teaches students about academic style and common mistakes of grammar and vocabulary that they should avoid. 191pages, plus 29 page workbook. D.Kluge, M.Taylor
In My Life: Strategies for Personal Communication 共著 2011年 1月 Macmillan LanguageHouse This textbook teaches key strategies for oral communication in English (conversation, presentation, and interviews) on topics based on the students' real lives. The textbook is used in conjunction with a personal scrapbook created by the students themselves. Strategies include enhanced answers, follow-up questions, natural reactions and fillers, greetings, and body language. 96 pages.
Basic Steps to Academic Writing: From Paragraph to Essay 共著 2012年 1月 Cengage Learning This is a basic level writing textbook, most suitable for first and second year EFL students in university. It was written as a "prequel" to the authors' previous research paper writing textbook with Cengage Learning (2007). In this text, the bulk of the units are concerned with paragraph level and teach the basic rhetorical and organizational patterns for the following types of paragraph: self-introduction, description, comparison-contrast, process, narrative, summary, analysis, cause and effect, persuasive, and problem-solution. Each unit includes exercises and a writing assignment that includes prewriting, organizing, writing, evaluating and rewriting. Later units go into short essay writing, utilizing skills learned in the paragraph units. The last unit deals with examination essays. 183 pages.
Basic Steps to Writing Research Papers, Second Edition 共著 2018年 1月 National Geographic Learning This is an extensively revised edition of the textbook first published in 2007 by Cengage Learning (now National Geographic Learning). The textbook takes a step by step approach ("process approach") to planning, organizing, writing, evaluating and revising a college research paper. The new edition has completely updated examples and sample papers, "Writing Workshops" in almost every unit with many more exercises, and completely new units on writing experimental reports (in addition to library research, the main focus of the textbook). 207 pages.
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学術論文

著書名 単著、
共著の別
出版年月 発行所・発表雑誌等 概要
. 単著
Chaos Theory, Interdisciplinarity, and Some Implications for Art and Literature」 単著 1993年 3月 金城学院大学論集通巻149号英米文学編第34号 主要な学際分野として発達してきたカオス(混沌)理論は人文科学にも刺激を与え始めているが、本論はその研究分野を概観し、それが芸術や文学にとって持つ意味あいを検討したものである。カオス理論の主要な概念のいくつかを概観し、特にポストモダニストを中心とする文学研究でもてはやされるようになった理由を解説し、ポストモダニズム以外の視点とアプローチによる文学研究もこの分野での議論に参加すべきであるという主張をした。(P189~P213)
The Pit as Pendulum : Chaos, Models, Experiments and Attractors in Poe's 'A Descent into the Mael-strom’ 単著 1994年 3月 金城学院大学論集通巻154号英米文学編第35号 カオス理論を用いて、E・A・ポーの短編小説「大渦巻き」を解釈し直したものである。螺旋や振り子のメカニズムはポーの小説に頻出する象徴であるが、これまで、たいていは心理学的な解釈がなされて来た。しかし、カオスの科学の観点から見れば、そのようなイメージはノイローゼの症候ではなくて、自然と科学についての作家の見方を示しており、この作品が、自然の創造的な力についての物語であることを論じた。(P177~P209)
Fiction as Artificial Life Part I : Research, Issues and Problems in a New Field 単著 1995年 3月 金城学院大学論集通巻159号英米文学編第36号 「人工生命」とは生物学的なシミュレーションの研究であり、混沌と複雑性の科学から生じたものであるが、第一部ではこの分野の研究を概観し、小説はそれ自体「人工生命」の一形態であること、「人工生命」は小説に貴重な新しい視野を与え、また逆に、小説は人工生命に伴う存在論的、倫理的問題のいくつかに寄与し得ることを論じた。(P247~P294)
Fiction as Artificial Life Part Ⅱ: Simulation, Replication, Adaptation and Creation 単著 1996年 3月 金城学院大学論集通巻164号英米文学編第37号 「人口生命」の比較においてのフィクションとアートについて引き続き注目した。まさに偽りの生命とは、生物学の擬態であり、フィクションとは現実のシュミレーションである。フィクションとその特徴は、それら自身であるという事もでき、それは、過ぎた時間に発展するのと同様に生物学と生物学的シュミレーションの中に見る事ができるのだ。多くの「人口生命」コンピュータプログラムもまた、我々が美を見出す創造を作り出す。我々は、科学や数学の中にその美学を発見することができるだろうか?おそらく、人類の創造プロセスは、理想形の捜査の様で、いくつかの人口生命プログラムの中にも同様に見出せる。複合の理論はまた、理想形(芸術・音楽・文学)が「混合」しているものなのであろう。それは、とても単純でもなければ、全て完結されているわけでもない事を論じた。(P287~P312)
Fiction as Artificial Life : Exploring the Ideosphere. 単著 1996年 4月 Proceedings of the Thirteenth European Meeting on Cybernetics and Systems Research. Vienna, Austria ビエンナ会議で発表された論文である。この会議のセッショントピックは、インターネットであった。発表者は「インターネットを説明するために我々が使うことのできる一番良い理論やメタファーは何であるか?」という質問に解答しなければならなかった。フィクションとはすでに、グローバルマインドの中にある「インターネット」の様だと主張した。それは、場面や物語の形の中で、複雑なアイディアとコミュニケーションする人々を可能にすることになる。インターネットのような電子メディアの再構はメディアを印象づける人々には複雑なアイディアのために、またフィクションに挑戦するために時間や忍耐を持てなくするのかもしれない。おそらく、我々の知識(知能)と想像力は、増加するというよりもむしろ、減少しているのだろう。よって、我々はインターネットの効果について必要以上に強調しすぎるべきではない。インターネットはとても便利であるが、しかしそれは、人々をより賢くするものではないことを論じた。(P893~P898)
Fiction as Artificial Life, Part III : Toward a Science of Art? 単著 1997年 3月 金城学院大学論集通巻169号英米文学編第38号 1章と2章の部分で先に発表されたアイディアを発展させた。「人口生命」とフィクションの間にある類似点は、「我々は、芸術の科学をつくりだすことができるのか?」という質問を生む。その答えはイエスでもありノーでもある。それは、芸術活動が良いか悪いかとの決断をするのに科学的な方法を用いるのは適切ではないのと同じだ。芸術家が、より「単純」または、「複雑」とは何かについてのルールをいつも打ち破っていることからもわかるように、複合の科学はそれを手助けしてはくれない。芸術の善し悪しについてのほかの判断は、先入観や機会・歴史的背景によるものである。また一方では、新しい複合の科学、特にStuart Kauffmanの仕事において、自然やテクノロジーや経済のパターンが時を越えてどのように発達してきたかを示す。これらのアイディアは、芸術や文学の発展を理解するのと同様に我々の理解を助けることができると論じた。(P191~P218)
The Abolition of Humanity, and the Contours of the New A-theology 単著 1998年 1月 The Virtual Dimension: Architecture, Representation, and Crash Culture. New York: Princeton Architectural Press 人口知能」「人口生命」における何人かのコンピュータ科学者や研究者は、コンピュータやコンピュータプログラムが新しい生命の形は人類より、より強くより賢くなりはじめるものだと信じている。この新しい生命の形は人類に打ち勝ち、またそれにとって変わるかもしれない。これらの研究者や考案者は、コンピュータの意識が世界全体を覆い、神となりはじめるときに、世界の始まりからその終わりまでの「創造の物語」を作り上げることとなるのだ。私の視点において、このようなアイディアは、私が呼ぶところの「A-theology」である無神論者のための狂った宗教のようなものであるに過ぎない。実際、「A-theology」は、キリスト教の歪められたコピーに過ぎず、それは、空虚で心がなく、破壊的である。著者はそれを拒絶するし、キリスト教のほうが良いと感じることを示した。(P97~P119)
The New Design Arguments and Intellectual Repercussions 単著 1999年 3月 金城学院大学論集通巻179号英米文学編第40号 この現代という時代、科学は無神論者的視点を助長するように見えている。しかし、最近の科学における発見は、無神論者に挑戦しているように見える。そこで、デザインのアイディアや自然の中にある目的:「ビック・バン」「宇宙の微調整」「生命の突然起源」「DNAと生きている細胞における複合のデザイン」「知能デザイン」を信じる科学者による「ダーウィンの進化論」への最近の挑戦を促す科学における最新の発見を再調査した。我々は、自然についての知識の中で、大きな変化の真っ只中にいることとなるだろう。そして、この変化は我々の思考の「最新」の方法に挑戦することにもなり得る、ということを示した。(P257~P291)
Complexity and the Language Classroom 共著 1999年 9月 Academia : Literature and Language No. 67(南山大学) Diane Larsen-Freemanの調査に基づき、著者と調査グループは、我々の考案した複合システムの12のポイントについて示し、さらに言語学習の現在について述べた。複合システムは、1)時代を超えて変化する 2)多くの相互作用部分を持っている 3)異なった状態に「移行」する(その状態によって変化する代わりに) 4)行き当たりばったりであるかのようでさえ、それらは予期せぬ順序を表す 5)予測ができない 6)とても小さな違いによって引き起こされる非常に大きな変化を経験することができる 7)新しい情報やエネルギーを「開ける」 8)自然の順序やアレンジにみる「Self-organizing」をする 9)「フィードバック」又は、新しい情報に敏感である 10)環境の変化に適合する 11)それを制御するか、自由もまた許されている 12)異なった尺度(大小)においてしばしば同パターンを表す。我々は言語学習の状況は、これら12、全ての特徴にどのように現れるかを示す例を提示した。(P235~P258) D. Kindt, W. Kumai, P. Lewis, M, Cholewinski M. Taylor
Outside Taping for Fluency : A Practical System 共著 1999年 9月 Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference on Language Teaching, the Japan Association for Language Teaching 同会議における発表論文を書いたものである。著者たちはその状況に応じて、他のクラスの英語学習者が使用するシステムを示した。そのシステムとは生徒が他の宿題などでの自由に話したものをカセットテープに録音し、毎週それを先生に提出しなければならないものだ。我々ははこの単純で、練習的学習システムのもたらす利益を羅列した。また、学生の話すスピードやその態度における向上についてのいくつかのデータも示した。このシステムを管理する際に発展してくるであろういくつかの問題について、先生にも注意を促した。このシステムに挑戦する先生を奨励し、それを修正したり、彼ら自身の教授法の状況に合わせた形で、それを向上したりすることも奨励すると述べた。(P27~P32) D. Kluge, M. Taylor
The Language Classroom on a Complex Systems Matrix 共著 1999年 9月 Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference on Language Teaching, the Japan Association for Language Teaching 同会議にて発表された論文である。調査グループは、言語学習とカオスと複合の科学の中の学習されたシステムとの間にある、いくつかの類似点について注目した。複合システムはいつも、3つの異なった状況:1)単純 2)混合 3)秩序 の1つに辿り着く。「複合」状況は「秩序」と「無秩序」の間で釣り合いがとられている。そして同じことが、言語学習者、または教授法にも当てはまる。反復の言語ドリル(単純)は、しばしば飽きることになるし、無秩序は、生徒を混乱させ、またやる気を失わせることとなる。言語習得クラスにおいて先生は、複合言語練習のゴールを目指すよう議論した。生徒が、やる気を失わないような管理やガイダンスを十分に気をつけて行われなくてはならないし、興味を失うような管理や反復学習を行うべきではないのだということを述べた。(P146~P151)D. Kindt, W. Kumai, P. Lewis, M, Cholewinski M. Taylor
Rene Girard and Sacred Violence : A Synopsis. 単著 2000年 3月 金城学院大学論集通巻184号英米文学編第41号 Rene Girardの「擬態」と破壊の重要で有力な理論の概論である。Girardによれば、人間の中心的特徴は他の人間の模倣(ミーメンシ)である。しかし、ミーメンシもまた、破壊を導き、なぜならそれは、模倣に嫉妬を生み出すからなのだ。先史の世界では、古代人は模倣と嫉妬から生まれる破壊の問題を解決するルールを、何ももっていなかった。Girardは、古代人は1つの無力な犠牲に反乱した全てのグループ全員の一帯による破壊の問題を解決したことを議論した。これは、儀式であり、ルールであり、犠牲の宗教と神話とを導く。全ての人間文化は、弱く、無力な人々を殺す「犠牲」の暴力の上に成り立っている。聖書は、犠牲の暴力を非難するための古代人の教科書である。キリストは、犠牲の人類システムの最後の犠牲という役割を引き受けた。その結果、キリスト教によって全世界の人々は犠牲というものに、もっと気づくこととなり、また、キリスト教者でないものでさえ、この結果を知ることとなると述べた。(P175~P200)
Rene Girard and Mimetic Desire : A Synopsis. 単著 2001年 7月 金城学院大学人文・社会科学研究所紀要 This paper overviews Rene Girard's theory of "mimesis" in relation to human psychology. It explains imitation in animals and humans, and how imitation in humans leads to rivalry and out of control violence. It explains how this rivalry works between two, three, or more people. It discusses how these forces of imitation have worked in society and history, and how the great literary artists have captured these forces. (P31~46)
Celebrity Obsession, Stalking and 'Copycat' Crimes : A Girardian Perspective on Some Violent Pathologies. 単著 2002年 3月 金城学院大学論集通巻194号英米文学編第43号 In this paper, Rene Girard's theory of "mimesis" is applied to violent criminal pathologies, especially violence and the media. Celebrity obsession is the main focus of this analysis, and the paper looks at Mark Chapman (who murdered John Lennon) and Eminem's rap hit "Stan." The paper also analyses related pathologies like stalking, thrill killings, and "school shootings."(P195~P218)
What Persuasion Really Means in Jane Austen's Persuasion : First Steps Toward a Mimetic Interpretation 単著 2003年 3月 金城学院大学論集通巻199号英米文学編第44号 This paper applies Rene Girard's theory of "mimesis" to Jane Austen's novel [Persuasion]. Most readers think that the "persuasion" in the novel means giving and taking advice. In fact, "persuasion" means unconscious influence and imitation. The paper examines the character Louisa in particular. Most readers think Louisa is too brash and independent, and that is why she has an accident. In fact, Louisa is very easily influenced. She has an accident because she is influenced too much by Captain Wentworth. (207-234)
What Persuasion Really Means in Persuasion : A Mimetic Reading of Jane Austen 単著 2004年 3月 Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis and Culture. Volume Ⅱ.Spring. This study extends an earlier paper and presentation applying Rene Girard's theory of "mimesis" to Jane Austen’s novel Persuasion. This study include much of the earlier analysis of the character Louisa Musgrore, and goes on to analyze Frederick Wertworth extensively and Anne Elliot briefly. "Persuasion" is the universal motivator in this novel, but "persuasion" is not merely advice; "persuasion" is unconscious imitation of others, or , in a word, mimesis(P105~P123)
Drowning in Desire : Media and Mediation in contemporary Japan 共著 2005年 1月 Passion in Economy,Politics and Media : In Discussion with Christian Theology. Vienna: Lit Verlag. Michael Cholewinski and I apply Rene Girard's mimetic theory to media in Japan. We examine social changes and interpersonal pathologies in Japan, and locate them within the influence of media, especially advertising, showing how advertising in Japan is used to shape desires and identity. The quantity and types of advertising is discussed broadly, with many graphics, and then two television commercials are analyzed in detail.(P387-P421) M. Cholewinski , M. Taylor
Strategies of Dissociation : A Mimetic Dimension to Social Problems in Japan. 単著 2006年 3月 Anthropoetics, Vol 12, no. 1.<http://www.anthropoetics.ucla.edu/ap1201/index.htm> This paper examines social problems in Japan, focussing on "dissociative" phenomena, in which difficult human relations are eliminated by individuals who feel overwhelmed or oppressed by them. Starting with people who make rational life choices not to marry or have children, the paper examine in turn progressively more extreme dissociations from social existence ("parasite singles, " "freeters, " NEETers, school refusers, and "hikikomori"). These problems are analyzed in terms of Rene Girard's theories of "mimesis" and "scapegoating." 平成18年春/夏
Should Research Paper Writing Be Taught at Japanese Universities? YES! 共著 2008年 1月 JALT 2007 Conference Proceedings. Ed. K. Bradford Watts, T. Muller, & M. Swenson. Tokyo: JALT. David Kluge and I argue for the necessity of the teaching of research paper in Japanese universities, especially in language programs. Though many university programs are easing academic requirements and pursuing a more vocational focus, we argue that research paper writing should not be abandoned. Research paper writing is, or should be an essential part of students’ university education, but even practically speaking, it teaches them skills that are relevant to the rest of their university experience, and also to careers: researching and gathering information and presenting it in a coherent, well-organized manner.(P977~P986) D. Kluge , M. Taylor
Controlled Independence in a Partner Taping System for University English Majors 共著 2009年 1月 Proceedings of the Independent Learning Association 2007 Japan Conference In this paper co-authored with David Kluge, we present our “Partner Taping” system as a way of moving students toward autonomous learning by getting them to take charge of their own learning and to see language practice as something that happens beyond the walls of the classroom. Since several other institutions in our area have also begun to use our partner taping system, we present results of a questionnaire that we sent to teachers at this institution to find how they were administering it. Of particular interest to us is the degrees of autonomy or choice left to the students in each program. Our conclusion is that each program has specific goals and needs, and that assessing degrees of autonomy is not straightforward.
Traipsing into the Forest : Landscapes and Rivalry in Jane Austen’s Mansfield Park 単著 2009年 9月 Anthropoetics, Vol 14, no. 2.<http://www.anthropoet-ics.ucla.edu/ap1402/index.htm> This paper is a treatment of the landscapes and “natural spaces” in Jane Austen’s 「Mansfield Park」. I argued that the mania for “home improvement” in 「Mansfield Park」 introduces a world of raw competition and inverts the stable social order of 「Pride and Prejudice」. Outdoor activity in 「Mansfield Park」 is also fiercely and brazenly competitive. It is significant the way Austen turns the world of Pride and Prejudice upside-down, and introduces a world of fierce mimetic ivalry into the social scene of the novel, anticipating the spirit of brutal competition among young people such as we see on reality TV. 平成21年秋/冬
Mansfield Park and Scandal 単著 2010年10月 Anthropoetics, Vol 16, no. 1, Fall/Winter This article is an extended analysis of “scandal” in relation to Jane Austen’s masterpiece Mansfield Park. The paper focuses on the many ways that scandal takes place, both among the characters and among progressive generations of readers. At the core of my interpretation is Rene Girard’s thought on “scandal, ” both at the level of interpersonal conflict (the “double bind”) and at the level of sacrificial dynamics (scapegoating). Scandal permeates Mansfield Park in these senses, which are closely related to "scandal" in its more traditional and conventional senses, e.g. the scandal with Henry and Maria at the end of the novel. Austen's genius is that she causes the scandal to “spill out” of the novel to enmesh readers and make them participants in the same moral dilemmas in the narrative.
Not with a Bang but a Whimper: "Muen shakai" and its Implications 単著 2012年10月 Anthropoetics, Vol. 18, no. 1, Fall This study presents the pheonomenon of “muen shakai” (“no relation society” or social isolation) and considers it from the standpoint of mimetic theory and generative anthropology. I suggest that the two approaches could offer many insights into "muen shakai, " but also have limitations. Mimetic theory in particular focuses preponderantly on conflictual relations and global cataclysm (in Girard's most recent work), and needs to account for a wider range of behavior and human relations, including the lack of human relations. I conclude that mimetic theory and generative anthropology both need to further develop the idea of "positive mimesis" and enlarge their respective visions to consider how problems of detachment, decline and depopulation could be approached from the standpoint of a "mimetic" anthropology.
Fluency Practice on Mobile Phones: Implementing a Recording System and Following Students’ Response 共著 2015年 3月 金城学院大学論集, 人間科学編, 11.2 This paper recounts the implementation of a conversation recording system for first year English majors using smart phones. It was a shift from analog recording (cassette tapes) to digital recording. In the new system, students used free recording applications and uploaded weekly recordings to a Learning Management System (or LMS, in this case Moodle). In this paper we describe how we initiated the program and various complications we experienced along the way. We present the responses to the new system both from teachers and especially students, through a series of questionnaires, which we statistically analyzed. We concluded that implementation of the program was a success and that this kind of recording system is a workable and worthwhile component to an English language skills curriculum. With Douglas Sweetlove, Kevin Kato, and Daniel Leigh Paller. pp. 68-75.
Scene of Distress: Reflections on Francis Fukuyama's "End of History" 単著 2017年 5月 Anthropoetics, Vol 22, no. 2 In this paper, for the online journal Anthropoetics, I make the case that Francis Fukuyama's "end of history thesis" is contradicted by trends in Japan, which Fukuyama praised as a prime exemplar of the thesis. Fukuyama's projections are contradicted by economic trends (the collapse of the bubble economy, stagnation, and decline), psychological trends (the dramatic rise of depression, as documented by Junko Kitanaka, and mass medication with psychotropic drugs), demographic trends (the aging society, the child deficit, and the crisis of caregiving), and political trends (economics and demographics drive a tend toward socialist rather than capitalist mandates in politics). The paper is available at: http://anthropoetics.ucla.edu/ap2202/2202taylor/
Subcultures, Conformity, and Sacrifice: Kamikaze Girls through a Mimetic Lens 単著 2017年 6月 Apocalypse Deferred? Girard and Japan Notre Dame University Press This is an analysis of Testuya Nakashima's film Kamikaze Girls (下妻物語, 2004) published in the anthology edited by Jeremiah L. Alberg. Despite being a comic youth movie, Nakashima's film develops some very keen insights on imitation and scapegoating that parallel René Girard's mimetic theory. Among the key points I explore in the film are that there are two "hidden" references, which come to light through this Girardian analysis. The first is that the character Momoko's subcultural identity involves constant references to The Rose of Versailles (ベルサイユのばら), in turn revealing much about the structure of imitation and the appropriated aura of the sacred (with Marie Antoinette as implied sacred victim). The second "hidden" element is that the climactic scenes of the film (with the scapegoating of Ichigo) make massive reference to Stanley Kubrick's opening sequences in 2001: A Space Odyssey, connecting scapegoating to human and cultural origins. pp. 149-168, 20 pages.
René Girard and Atonement: A Dialogue 共著 2018年 3月 金城学院大学キリスト教文化研究所紀要 vol. 21 This three-way dialogue with Girard scholars Jeremiah Alberg, Sherwood Belangia and myself follows a conference and symposium supported by the Institute for the Study of Christian Culture at Kinjo Gakuin University. The dialogue explores the profound impact of Girard’s mimetic theory, especially his concepts of “sacred violence” and “scapegoating, ” on both historical and emerging understandings of Christ’s atonement. The authors situate Girard’s “anthropology of the cross” in relation to their own backgrounds and ground-shifting encounters with Girard’s thought, to scripture and theology (including the traditional atonement theories), and to the world at large. (pages 1-20)
Gods of the Marketplace: The Work Ethic from Max Weber to Venkatesh Rao 単著 2019年 1月 Generative Anthropology and Transdisciplinary Inquiry: Religion, Science, Language, Culture, publ. Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego Appearing in the proceedings volume of the GASC 2018 conference in Warsaw, Poland, this paper overviews Max Weber's famous thesis and its derived cultural meme, the "work ethic." It then examines some thinkers who engaged Weber's thesis: R. H. Tawney, Amintore Fanfari, Chrsitopher Dawson, Michael Novak, Francis Fukuyama, Jean-Pierre Dupuy and Venkatesh Rao. Weber remains very prescient, but the "work ethic" needs to be re-appraised in light of mass automatization, ubiquitous artificial intelligence (AI), and the proposal for Universal Basic Income (UBI), and also in light of Catholic social teaching. Pages 77-100.
Gods of the Marketplace: The Work Ethic from Max Weber to Universal Basic Income 単著 2019年 4月 Anthropoetics, Vol 24, no. 2, Spring, 2019 This is a revised version of the essay that appeared in the proceedings volume of the GASC 2018 conference, rewritten for Anthropoetics. It overviews Max Weber's famous thesis and its derived cultural meme, the "work ethic." It then examines some thinkers who engaged Weber's thesis: R. H. Tawney, Amintore Fanfari, Chrsitopher Dawson, Michael Novak, Francis Fukuyama, Jean-Pierre Dupuy and Venkatesh Rao. Weber remains very prescient, but the "work ethic" needs to be re-appraised in light of mass automatization, ubiquitous artificial intelligence (AI), and the proposal for Universal Basic Income (UBI), and also in light of Catholic social teaching. http://anthropoetics.ucla.edu/ap2402/2402taylor/
Beholding the Beholder’s Eye: Beauty and Mimetic Effects in Jane Austen 単著 2019年10月 Anthropoetics, Vol 25, no. 1, http://anthropoetics.ucla.edu/ap2501/2501taylor/ Mimesis dictates that beauty must be neither objective nor subjective (in the eye of the beholder) but intersubjective; in the beholding of the eye of the beholder. This plays out constantly in Jane Austen’s novels, and more than superficially; it often propel the plot and determine the fate of principle characters. This study focusses on Henry Crawford (Mansfield Park), Anne Elliot (Persuasion) and Fanny Price (Mansfield Park). The latter two connect usefully with Rebecca Adams’ model of “loving mimesis.” Adams posits a “coquette” who is not a coquette; she repurposes Rene Girard’s psychology of “pseudo-narcissism” to sketch an alternative for rivalrous mimesis. For Austen, beauty, that most superficial of attributes, can be an outward sign of a positive intersubjective transformation. Austen’s treatment makes Adams’ insight more concrete and suggests a fresh approach in exploring “positive mimesis, ” a longstanding and controversial puzzle in mimetic theory.
Rebecca Adams’ Model of “Loving Mimesis”: An Overview and Assessment 単著 2020年11月 Anthropoetics, Vol 26, no. 1, Fall/Winter René Girard’s mimetic theory focusses on rivalry, conflict and scapegoating, but there has long been an interest in “positive mimesis.” Rebecca Adams proposed a striking model of positive mimesis, “loving mimesis, ” that shows how it might operate in the context of “internal mediation.” Adams suggests a process through which this mimetic relation becomes a truly “intersubjective” one, meaning that no “objectification” takes place. I review Adams’ model of positive mimesis and assess what I see as the strengths and shortcomings. Adams undertakes an ambitious “deconstruction” of Girard’s system, making valid and insightful points. However, her own results could arguably be deconstructed in the same way. The dynamic model of loving mimesis is by far the most intriguing and innovative component of Adams’ project, but it needs more concrete examples and much more elaboration. However, Adam’s model may be the most promising of the attempts to understand positive mimesis.
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学会発表

題目/演目名等 発表年月 発表学会名等 概要
Improving Speaking through Conversation Taping and Personalized Scrapbooks 2009年 9月 9th National and International Conference of the Moravian and Silesian Association of Teachers of English. Cesky Tesin, Czech Republic In this oral presentation (given September 13, 2009) I used Powerpoint to explain the use of conversation recording and personalized Scrapbooks in oral communication classes. Conversation recording is very useful for boosting fluency and is highly recommended, but only if the logistics can be managed and the students have time and motivation. Scrapbooks can be used and adapted to any teaching situation and teaching material and is highly recommended for any oral communication course at or above the secondary level.
ここを直すとぐっと良くなる教室英語 (If You Fix This You Can Dramatically Improve Your Classroom English) 2010年 5月 JASTEC 日本児童英語教育学会中部支部 学ぶ喜びを与える:児童英語ワークショップ In this oral presentation (given Saturday, May 29) I explained the key elements of using classroom English successfully when teaching English to Children. These included using short, simple sentences with easy vocabulary, using good volume, pronunciation, and intonation, and following the basic rule “Show, Don’t Tell” (demonstrate rather than explain) when introducing, guiding, or leading activities.
In My Life: Learning of, by, and for the students 2010年 9月 JALT 2010 Conference, Aichi Industry and Labor Center, Nagoya, Japan In this oral presentation (given Saturday, September 20) David Kluge and I introduced our new textbook In My Life: Strategies for Personal Communication (Macmillan Language House, forthcoming 2011). We explained the key elements and strengths of the textbook. We then went through a Unit with the attendees and explained and demonstrated the sections of each Unit and how the textbook is used in conjunction with personalized Scrapbooks made by the students. Key sections of the sample unit included conversational strategy practice and body language tips (e.g. correct handshake, waving, eye contact), presentations with Scrapbook, and open-ended conversations with Scrapbook.
Every man an island? ‘Muen Shakai’ and Mimetic Theory. 2010年12月 2nd meeting of the Japan Girard Association, International Christian University, Tokyo, Japan This presentation introduced the problem of "muen shakai, " especially from its depiction in a 2010 NHK documentary of the same name. The presentation overviewed associated demographic trends. Of particular relevance for Girardian scholars is the possible relation of "muen shakai" to mimesis. I proposed that such extreme social isolation was, at least on the surface, completely inconsistent with the assertions of mimetic theory. According to mimetic theory, to die alone and undiscovered ("muenshi") might be an excellent life outcome because the subjects have not been in mimetic conflict. If "muen shakai" is the fate of the world at large, this too would be a "good outcome" in terms of mimetic theory, because there would be no global conflagration. In fact, mimetic theory may have much to offer in understanding "muen shakai", and these counter-assertions are meant primarily as a challenge to mimetic theory to broaden its vision and further develop its work on "positive mimesis."
Addressing Challenges in Academic Writing 2011年11月 Japan Association for Language Teaching 37th Annual International Conference on Language Teaching and Learning This joint presentation with my colleague David Kluge dealt with how to address common problems in academic writing among Japanese university students. We used our textbook, Basic Steps to Academic Writing (for lower-intermediate and intermediate learners), to show how students can benefit from many suggested topics, appropriate exercises to bring across key concepts, and many instructive examples. We explained the Cubing system, which introduces students to the major types of writing (descriptive, comparison-contrast, process, narrative, summary, analysis, cause and effect, persuasive, and problem-solution) and the POWER approach, which guides students through the steps of each writing assignment (Prewriting, Organizing, Writing, Evaluating, and Revising). We also explained our color coding system, which can teach students clearly the different parts of a paragraph or essay.
"Not with a Bang but a Whimper": "Muen Shakai" and Its Implications. 2012年 7月 "Apocalypse Revisited: Japan, Hiroshima, and the Place of Mimesis," Joint international conference of the Colloquium on Violence and Religion, Generative Anthropology Society and Conference, and Japan Girard Association, International Christian University, Tokyo This presentation further developed reflections on “muen shakai” (“no relation society” or social isolation) that were first presented in a 2010 meeting of Japan Girard scholars. This presentation spent more time exploring the possible relation of the phenomenon to mimetic theory and generative anthropology. I suggested that the two approaches could offer many insights into "muen shakai, " but also have limitations. Mimetic theory in particular focuses preponderantly on conflictual relations and global cataclysm (in Girard's most recent work), and needs to account for a wider range of behavior and human relations, including the lack of human relations. I concluded that mimetic theory and generative anthropology both need to further develop the idea of "positive mimesis" and enlarge their respective visions to consider how problems of detachment, decline and depopulation could be approached in a "mimetic" anthropology.
Subculture, Conformity and Sacrifice: Kamikaze Girls through a Mimetic Lens 2012年 7月 "Apocalypse Revisited: Japan, Hiroshima, and the Place of Mimesis," Joint international conference of the Colloquium on Violence and Religion, Generative Anthropology Society and Conference, and Japan Girard Association, International Christian University, Tokyo This presentation offered a mimetic interpretation of Kamikaze Girls (Shimotsuma Monogatari), Tetsuya Nakashima's 2004 youth movie. Known now mostly as a cult classic, it deserves attention as a perceptive exploration of imitation and subcultures. The two main characters Momoko and Ichigo are shown to adopt their subcultural identities through a series of mediating influences. However, while Momoko's "Lolita" identity is escapist, Ichigo’s “yanki” identity is a form of escape; she was saved from merciless scapegoating in school through her association with a biker girl gang. The anthropological insights of the film intensify toward the end. Ichigo is marked for scapegoating again. This time her victimization is intended to forge unity between biker gangs. The scene is sacralized by an enormous Buddha in the background. The sacred artifact clearly evokes the opening scenes of Kubrick’s 2001: A Space Odyssey, and thus connects scapegoating to human and cultural origins.
Memes, mimes and scenes: A place for "memetics" in generative anthropology? 2013年 6月 Putting the human back in the humanities. Seventh Annual Generative Anthropology Summer Conference. Generative Anthropology Society and Conference. University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) This presentation was done via Skype from Japan on June 28 California time (June 29 in Japan). It was a broad overview of Dawkins' "meme" concept in relation to Rene Girard's mimetic theory (MT) and Eric Gans' generative anthropology (GA). The view of imitation and humanity in "memetics, " as opposed to MT and GA, is so radically different as to tempt one to doubt the possibility of productive engagement. However, I argue that it is more useful to think of the meme concept as being about "propagation" rather than "imitation" (Girard) or "ideation" (Gans). This puts the three approaches in perspective and makes it easier to assess their relative contribution. In addition, the "meme concept" has itself greatly evolved. There are now really two "meme theories": the declining and somewhat implausible "science of memes, " and the popular usage of "meme" which describes "viral" phenomena on the Internet. The latter may be the most significant, and merits serious attention by MT and GA.
これだけは使いたいClassroom English 2013年 9月 J-Shine 創立10周年記念フォーラム in 中部  小学生英語活動 「こんなこどもになってほしい」 In these two workshops conducted on the afternoon, Junko Matoba and I gave a demonstration lecture and practice session to introduce participants to essential classroom English as well as techniques for teaching English to elementary school children in Japan under the guidelines of Japan's education policy, using the officially approved "Hi Friends" textbook series. The workships were for those working toward getting J-Shine certification and other interested participants who are teaching or are planning to teach elementary school children. Our focus was on essential expressions, addressing issues with pronunciation and grammar, and techniques for class management--particularly getting the children to use English actively.
Love, Deferral and the Search for "Good Mimesis" 2014年 6月 The 2014 Generative Anthropology Summer Conference, "Deferral, Discipline, Knowledge," The University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada Mimesis is the indispensable starting premise of mimetic theory and generative anthropology (GA), but how well is it understood? Mimetic theory rightly emphasizes the problem of human violence, yet positing mimesis itself as inherently disordered and destructive is problematic. Thus, many Girard scholars have striven to understand “good mimesis.” Girard's own conflicting, and I think conflicted treatments of positive mimesis underscores a problematic area in mimetic theory. Does this matter for GA? I argued in this presentation that it does; positing good mimesis (exemplified especially by Pablo Bandera, who attempts this as part of a critique of GA) inevitably leads to originary questions that undermine the "scapegoat" hypothesis, at least with regard to human origins, and strengthen rather than weaken the claims of GA.
Overview of René Girard’s Mimetic Theory, with a Consideration of the Implications for Media 2014年12月 JAMES(日本メディア英語学会)中部地区第64回研究例会、金城学院大学 This presentation (December 6, 2014) overviewed René Girard’s Mimetic Theory. At the root of Girard’s thought is the concept of “mimesis” (roughly, imitation) or “mimetic desire.” Girard takes a radically interpersonal view of human psychology and behavior. His influential but controversial theory focuses strongly on the problematic nature of human relations, on interpersonal conflict, and on violence. Another term Girard uses for “mimesis” is “mediation.” The role of the “model” or “mediator” in Girard’s thought may be of special interest for media studies. Girard’s work concerns “media” at its most fundamental level (his “mimetic triangle”), but also takes into account the “media frenzy” that characterize the current age. Girard would relate this to what he calls “internal mediation” and see it as part of a process that has been accelerating especially since the Renaissance.
Varieties of Oral Assessment 2015年10月 "Speech, Drama and Debate: Creating Bonds, Building Classroom Communities, Acquiring 21st Century Skills," JALT Speech, Drama, & Debate SIG and JALT Okinawa, 名桜大学、名護、沖縄 In this presentation at Meio University in Nago, Okinawa, I discussed oral assessment. Ongoing oral assessment is essential to spur motivation and improvement in student presentations, and a valid and effective assessment rubric is likewise essential in making such assessments worthwhile. Since coursebooks may not include oral assessment sheets, teachers will need to make or adapt their own. This creates a number of practical challenges which I discussed as I recounted my own experience creating and modifying a number of assessment sheets over the years, to meet the needs of different courses and assessment conditions.
Introduction to René Girard and Mimetic Theory 2016年 6月 金城学院大学、名古屋、 第10回生成人類夏季国際学会、「文化の普遍性・個別性とグローバリゼーション」 This presentation (with simultaneous interpretation in Japanese) was a broad introduction to Girard's mimetic theory, for the purpose of setting the stage for the plenary lectures commemorating Girard half a year after his death. I cover Girard's theory of mimesis, the origins and development of culture around scapegoating, the ethical and epistemological impact of the Judeo-Christian revelation (especially the Passion of Christ), the rise of modernism in the "post-sacrificial" ethos, and Girard's apocalyptic view of global conflict.
Scenes of Distress: Reflections on Francis Fukuyama's "End of History" 2016年 6月 金城学院大学、名古屋、 第10回生成人類夏季国際学会、「文化の普遍性・個別性とグローバリゼーション」 In this presentation I made the case that Francis Fukuyama's "end of history thesis" is contradicted by trends in Japan, which Fukuyama praised as a prime exemplar of the thesis. Fukuyama's projections are contradicted by economic trends (the collapse of the bubble economy, stagnation, and decline), psychological trends (the dramatic rise of depression, as documented by Junko Kitanaka), demographic trends (the aging society, the child deficit, and the crisis of caregiving), and political trends (economics and demographics tend toward socialist rather than capitalist mandates in politics).
René Girard and Theories of the Atonement 2016年11月 Forgive Us Our Debts: René Girard, Atonement, and Christian-Buddhist Dialogue, a Continuing Conversation. Lectures and Symposium Commemorating the Legacy of René Girard (1923-2015) This was an introductory presentation for the one day symposium Forgive Us Our Debts: René Girard, Atonement, and Christian-Buddhist Dialogue, a Continuing Conversation, Lectures and Symposium Commemorating the Legacy of René Girard (1923-2015), sponsored by the Institute for the Study of Christian Culture and held at Kinjo Gakuin University on November 5, 2016. This presentation summarized the major atonement theories (Ransom, Christus Victor, Recapitulation, Satisfaction, Penal Substitution, Moral Influence), then overviewed Girard's "Anthropology of the Cross." Finally, the presentation considered how Girard's Anthropology of the Cross impacts the historical theories on atonement.
Out-of-class Conversation Recording Using Smartphones: Four Years in 2016年12月 Trends in Language Teaching Conference, JALT Okinawa This was a poster presentation at the Trends in Language Teaching Conference for JALT Okinawa, held at Okinawa Prefectural University of the Arts, in Naha, Okinawa, Japan. The presentation overviewed four years since implementing a system of conversation recording using mobile phones with a Learning Management System (LMS) among English majors at Kinjo Gakuin University. The LMS (first Moodle, then Manaba), the facility of using recording applications, and the teamwork of teachers involved, have made this system a qualified success. Students can make recordings and upload them easily, and teachers can easily access and monitor the recordings. Out-of-class recording on mobile phones, supported by an LMS, is an excellent supplementary fluency building activity that also promotes learner independence, accountability, and sociability among classmates. It has advantages over alternatives, such as submission via email or Cloud service files, or "English only" spaces on college campuses.
Scenes of Origin: Stanley Kubrick as Minimal Anthropologist 2017年 6月 11th Annual GA Summer Conference: Pre-human, Human, Post-human: GA and Mimetic Theory in Conversation with Cognitive Studies This presentation was made from Japan via Skype on June 10th, 2017, for 11th meeting of the Generative Anthropology Society and Conference (GASC) held at the University of Stockholm in Sweden. The presentation draws parallels between the opening of Stanley Kubrick’s 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) and the "originary scene" posited by Eric Gans in Generative Anthropology (GA). Despite obvious differences, there is striking consonance between the two. Kubrick's apes become hominized through specific events, events which are scenic and sacred in nature. The first event in particular has a center and a communal periphery, and an element of "firstness" during both that scene and in its aftermath involving Moonwatcher and his communal band. Kubrick is to be credited with great anthropological insight in creating these sequences, and they deserve to drawn into the conversation in GA.
Introducing Basic Steps to Writing Research Papers, 2nd edition 2017年11月 JALT 2017 (The Japan Association for Language Teaching) 43rd International Conference on Language Teaching and Learning. Tsukuba International Conference Center, Tsukuba, Japan. This was a presentation sponsored and supported by National Geographic Learning to launch the second edition of a research paper writing textbook, co-authored with David Kluge, who also co-presented at this event. We introduced the book in general, including the decades long history of creating teaching materials which led to the first edition in 2007, and key features of the new edition, since the new edition is greatly revised. The new features include writing workshops in almost every unit, and new units on writing experiment reports. We talked participants through a chosen unit to give them a sense of content and organization.
Gods of the Marketplace: The Work Ethic from Max Weber to Venkatesh Rao 2018年 6月 GASC 2018, 12th Annual GASC 2018: Generative Anthropology and Transdisciplinary Inquiry: Religion, Science, Language, Culture. Cardinal Stefan Wysziński University, Warsaw, Poland In this presentation I connected Max Weber's famous thesis on capitalism and religion to generative anthropology (GA). First, I overviewed Weber's thesis and drew the connection, then I discussed a string of thinkers who also engaged Weber's thesis, each in very different ways: R. H. Tawney, Amintore Fanfani, Christopher Dawson, Michael Novak, Francis Fukuyama, and much more recently Jean-Pierre Dupuy and Venkatesh Rao. Finally I considered the "work ethic" (derived from Weber) in light of the acceleration of automation, artificial intelligence, and the proposal for Universal Basic Income (UBI).
Basic Steps to Writing Research Papers, Second Edition: User’s Manual 2018年 7月 Invited Workshop, Meijo University Nagoya Dome-mae Campus, Nagoya, Japan This invited workshop was sponsored and supported by Meijo University at the initiation of Paul Wicking, who is directing a writing program there. We introduced the second edition of our research paper writing textbook (National Geographic Learning). My co-presenter was my co-author, David Kluge. Our series editor and representative of Cengage/NGL were also there for support. We introduced the background of the book and many new features of the greatly revised second edition. This workshop was for teachers at Meijo University who are going to be using the textbook in the university's writing program, but it was open to other writing teachers in the Tokai area. We focussed on practical matters such as how to plan a syllabus, and different ways to approach the material in the classroom.
René Girard and Atonement: A Dialogue 2018年 7月 Public Research Recital, Institute for the Study of Christian Culture, Kinjo Gakuin University(金城学院大学キリスト教文化研究所、公開研究発表会), Kinjo Gakuin University, Nagoya, Japan This presentation was done alone but on behalf of myself and my two co-authors, Jeremiah Alberg and Sherwood Belangia. The presentation summarized some key points of our submission to the 2018 issue The Bulletin of Christian Culture Studies, Kinjo Gakuin University (金城学院大学キリスト教文化研究所紀要). I spoke of the influence of Girard's mimetic theory on the theology of atonement, including the historical atonement theories, and the status of the atonement debate in Girardian circles. In addition, I provided some supplementary background about my distinguished co-authors, and the story of how our dialogue (conducted over email) came to be.
Using the Process Approach for Advanced Academic Writing: Practical Applications for Diverse Situations 2018年10月 JALT West Tokyo (Japan Association for Language Teaching, West Tokyo branch), YM Building, Morino, Machida, Japan This invited workshops style presentation, supported by JALT West Tokyo and Cengage/National Geographic Learning, addresses the immense task of teaching research paper writing to learners who may or may not be prepared for it. I propose that the “process approach” is best for tackling this complex and multi-faceted endeavor, but what does that mean? I cover key elements of the process approach in a practical way, including timing and pacing for the different stages of pre-writing, writing, and revision, as well as feedback and intervention at each of these stages. As one of the authors of Basic Steps to Writing Research Papers 2nd edition (National Geographic Learning), I make extensive use of the textbook to demonstrate this approach concretely, but the general principles and techniques are more broadly applicable (e.g. a content course with a research paper requirement but no writing textbook).
Beholding the Beholder’s Eye: Beauty and Mimetic Effects in Jane Austen. 2019年 6月 GASC 2019 (Generative Anthropology Summer Conference), NYC Conference Center, New York City, U.S.A. Mimesis dictates that beauty must be neither objective nor subjective (in the eye of the beholder) but intersubjective; in the beholding of the eye of the beholder. This plays out constantly in Jane Austen’s novels, and more than superficially; it often propel the plot and determine the fate of principle characters. This study focusses on Henry Crawford (Mansfield Park), Anne Elliot (Persuasion) and Fanny Price (Mansfield Park). The latter two connect usefully with Rebecca Adams’ model of “loving mimesis.” Adams posits a “coquette” who is not a coquette; she repurposes Rene Girard’s psychology of “pseudo-narcissism” to sketch an alternative for rivalrous mimesis. For Austen, beauty, that most superficial of attributes, can be an outward sign of a positive intersubjective transformation. Austen’s treatment makes Adams’ insight more concrete and suggests a fresh approach in exploring “positive mimesis, ” a longstanding and controversial puzzle in mimetic theory.
Gods of the Marketplace: The Work Ethic from Max Weber to Universal Basic Income (Report on Research Results 2018-2019). 2019年 8月 金城学院大学キリスト教文化研究所、公開研究発表会, 榮キャンパス Reprising a presentation in Poland (2018), which led to two publications (2019), this talk also summarized research leading up to it and future directions. Max Weber’s thesis on capitalism and Christianity is relevant today. Weber proposed that modern capitalism arose from Protestantism then became detached from Christian morality. Automation, artificial intelligence, and the proposal for a “universal basic income” (UBI) confirm Weber's thesis. The secular market system is a paradox for Christians--a “value neutral” territory where Christians abrogate moral involvement, even as the mythos of the “work ethic” (not part of Weber's original thesis at all) is promulgated as a civic virtue, which no longer makes sense in the world of UBI. Neither the “work ethic” nor Weber’s “Protestant ethic” were actual Christian doctrines but rather habits of thought and behavior. Christians should articulate a genuine Christian “work ethic, ” and hopefully draw on the social encyclicals of John Paul II.
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記事

著書名 単著、
共著の別
出版年月 発行所・発表雑誌等 概要
Discard Game Variations 単著 1993年 9月 New Ways in Teaching Reading TESOL Publications 英語の初心者を対象に、楽しみつつ単語やフレーズを覚えさせるための工夫として、ウノカードあるいはババ抜きのゲームを利用する方法を提唱した。意味、絵等との組み合わせでマッチしたカードを捨てて、手持ちのカードが早くなくなったものが勝ちとなる。総頁数282頁(P248~P249)
「Bingo and Othello for Beginning Readers」 単著 1993年 9月 New Ways in Teaching Reading TESOL Publications 英語の初心者の読書と単語の認識を容易にするために、ビンゴとオセロという二つのポピュラーなゲームを利用する方法を提唱した。目的は、生徒が素早く単語を認識するような動機付けをすることにある。総頁数282頁(P246~P247)
「Grab Game Variation」 単著 1993年 9月 New Ways in Teaching Reading TESOL Publications 英語の初心者を対象に、カルタ取りの要領で読み上げる単語やフレーズの意味や同意語、反意語等の書かれたカードを集めることにより、競争で楽しみながら語彙を増やす方法を提唱した。総頁数282頁(P150~P151)
「Seeking and Finding」 単著 1993年 9月 New Ways in Teaching Reading TESOL Publications 英語の初心者の読書を容易にするための工夫として、ゲーム感覚で段階的にテキストに親しませて行く教授法を提唱した。教師の朗読またはテープを聞きながら生徒がテキスト全体を読むことから初めて、次にアトランダムに教師が読む部分的な箇所をテキストからみつけ出すことを繰り返し、テキストに慣れ親しんだところで最終的に生徒が独力で読むというものである。総頁数282頁(P137~P140)
「Fiction, AL and the Memeing of Life」 単著 1996年 1月 Telepolis (Online Journal) ドイツからのオンライン雑誌についての記事である。「人口生命」の強烈な要求に対して非難した。「人口生命」の調査者たちは、いくつかの生物学的シュミレーションは、実際に生存しているという。しかし、これがもし真実ならば、仮想の特徴とは何なのだろうか。その特徴は全ての、またはほとんどのことが、「人口生命」シュミレーションで行うことができ、それらは、実際に生存するとは言えないことにある。では、我々はどうするべきか。私自身は、そうすべきではないと考える。何故なら、仮想と現実を混乱してしまうからだ。この現代という時代の中で、多くの人々がUFOや奇怪な超自然現象を信じるということは、特に真実である。このことを他に言い換えるならば、あまりにも多くの人々が仮想と現実を本当に混乱しているのだ、ということだ。となれば、我々は冷静、かつ理性のある科学者たちに頼るしかない。「人口生命」調査者の、誇張された熱狂は、科学や現代思考を十分反映することができないと記した。平成8年夏号
「Chaos and Complexity Science : Practical Insights for the Language Classroom」 共著 1999年 IATEFL 1999 : Edinburgh Conference Selections この記事において、調査組織は、この会議で行った発表の概要を表し、また、いくつかの補足を述べた。発表者は、複合の科学が言語教育の先生が面している複合学習状況の理解を助けることができる、と主張した。補足としては、多くの他の発表者や主な話し手もまた、単純になり始めることを止めるような学習における「コンテンツ」、異なった教授法、異なった言語使用等に注目する必要性を語った。他に言うならば、言語を教授することや言語自身は非常に複雑である、ということだ。そして、多くの他の話し手によって反響されたテーマ(複合に注目する必要性)を見つけることを奨励した。(P19)P. Lewis, D. Kindt, M. Taylor
「Boosting Fluency Through Partner Taping」 共著 2000年 1月 The Internet TESL 我々は、他のクラスの英語を学習している学生を使ったシステムを提示した。学生は、他の宿題から自由に話したものをカセットテープに録音し、毎週先生にそれを提出しなければならない方法である。この単純な学習システムのもたらす利益を羅列した。我々はこのシステムを管理する際に発展するであろういくつかの問題について、先生に注意を促した。このシステムに挑戦する先生を奨励し、それを修正、また彼ら自身の教授法の状況に合わせたものが向上することも奨励した。先生がより簡単にそのシステムを運営することができるようにするためには、そのテープを学生がどのように分類するのか、ということについての実例を提供した。D. Kluge, M. Taylor
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書評

著書名 単著、
共著の別
出版年月 発行所・発表雑誌等 概要
「Border Wars : Two Cultures, And the Invasion of the Self-Replicating Automatons」 単著 1995年 7月 Nagoya Writers and Others 第1号 Paul R. Gross & Norman Levitt, Higher Superstitions : The Academic Left and its Quarrels with Scienceの書評で、人文科学分野における政治活動家やポストモダニストの「反科学」的動向に対する論駁について再考し、「反科学」の立場にも一理あること、またそれにもかかわらず、本書に見られる高度な議論展開は重要な問題提起をしていることを論じた。(P35~P40)
「Go Ahead, Cyberpunk : Make My Day」 単著 1996年 8月 Current (electronic magazine) 電子雑誌(現在は消滅している)において、Sven BirkertsによるThe Gutenberg Elegiesの評論である。Birkertsは本を愛し、しかし電子メディア、特にコンピュータやインターネットを嫌った人物である。彼は、印刷された言葉(本において)は電子メディアよりも、より永久的で我々の思考や想像力をよりよくするのだと記している。本やコンピュータやインターネットに対して背くことによって、我々はとても重要な何かを失っている。Birkertsのいくつかの視点については賛成するが、しかし、他の視点はより説得力が弱いのだ。たとえば、私は、実際人々はインターネットにより、本をより多く購入し、より読むだろうと予言する。なぜなら彼らの好きな本を見つけたり、注文したりすることが、より簡単になるからだ。(この予言は、勿論、Amazon.com.のようなオンラインによる本屋の立ち上げで現実のものとなった。)
Mad Scientist, Impossible Human: An Essay in Generative Anthropology, by Andrew Bartlett (review) 単著 2015年 5月 The Bulletin of the Colloquium on Violence and Religion, volume 46 In this solicited piece for the Bulletin of the Colloquium on Violence and Religion, I review Andrew Bartlett's book Mad Scientist, Impossible Human: An Essay in Generative Anthropology (Aurora Colorado: The Davies Group). I offer high praise for Bartlett's brilliant critical treatment of the "Mad Scientist" myth in four iconic science fiction masterpieces, and I argue that his thesis succeeds very well as a moral argument against "scientism." I argue that Bartlett succeeds less well in the "impossible human" component of his thesis, which I find less tenable. I also comment that, except for an overly lengthy first chapter, the book is very readable, has great interpretive brilliance, and is a major contribution to generative anthropology. pp. 10-11.
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口頭発表

著書名 単著、
共著の別
出版年月 発行所・発表雑誌等 概要
「From Memetics to Mimetics: Richard Dawkins, Rene Girard and Media-Related Pathologies.」 単著 2002年 6月 Judaism, Christianity, and the Ancient World : Mimesis, Sacrifice, and Scripture. Colloquium on Violence and Religion 2002, Purdue University, Indiana, U. S. A. In this oral presentation, I compared the theories of Richard Dawkins and Rene Girard. Both men have a theory of imitation and culture. I argue that Rene Girard's theory of "mimesis" is better than Richard Dawkins' theory of "memetics." Girard's theory gives a better explanation of human psychology and culture. Girard's theory can explain violent pathologies like celebrity obsession. I used the examples of Mark Chapman (who murdered John Lennon) and Eminem's rap hit "Stan." The written version of this paper can be downloaded from the conference program website at: <http://www.sla.purdue.edu/academic/idis/jewish-studies/cov&r/papers/taylor.pdf >.
「Drowning in Desire : Media and Mediation in Contemporary Japan」 共著 2003年 6月 Passions in Economy, Politics and the Media : In Discussion with Christian Theology. Colloquium on Violence and Religion 2003, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria In this multimedia oral presentation, we applied Girard's "mimetic" theory to media in Japan. Recent changes in Japanese society (especially crimes and social problems) are the same cultural changes described by Rene Girard 's theory. Japanese media also has a huge influence in Japan. We focussed on advertising in Japan, and how it is used to shape people's desires and identity. We showed examples of many kinds of advertising in Japan. Finally, we analysed two television commercials. The written form of this paper (with graphics) can be downloaded or linked from the conference program website: <http://theol.uibk.ac.at/cover/events/innsbruck2003_program.html>. M.Cholewinski, M.Taylor
「What Persuasion Really Means in Jane Austen's Persuasion : A Mimetic Reading.」 単著 2003年 6月 Passions in Economy, Politics and the Media: In Discussion with Christian Theology. Colloquium on Violence and Religion 2003, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria This presentation was a interpretation of Jane Austen's [Persuasion] based on Rene Girard's "mimetic" theory. Most readers think that "persuasion" in the novel means giving and taking advice. In fact, "persuasion" means unconscious influence and imitation. In this presentation I examine the character Captain Wentworth in particular. He is thought to be a very passionate, romantic, and independent person. In fact, he learns to love Anne again by watching and imitating other men. The written version of this paper can be downloaded from the conference program website at: <http://theol.uibk.ac.at/cover/events/innsbruck2003_program.html>.
「Traipsing into the Forest: Landscapes, Mimetic Fascination and Rivalry in Jane Austen’s Mansfield Park」 単著 2004年 6月 Nature, Human Nature, and the Mimetic Theory. Colloquium on Violence and Religion, Annual Conference, 2004, Ghost Ranch, Abiqui, New Mexico, U.S.A. This presentaition was a treatment of the landscapes and “natural spaces” in Jane Austen’s 「Mansfield Park」. I argued that the mania for “home improvement” in 「Mansfield Park」 introduces a world of raw competition and inverts the stable social order of 「Pride and Prejudice」. Outdoor activity in 「Mansfield Park」 is also fiercely and brazenly competitive.
[ Critical Thinking in Research Paper Writing] 共著 2007年 6月 JALT CUE SIG (College and University Educators Special Interest Group) Conference, Sugiyama Jogakuen University. In this oral presentation David Kluge and I spoke about how research paper writing engages and teaches critical thinking skills. We reviewed some basic definitions of critical thinking, then showed how research paper teaches such important components of critical thinking as reviewing and assessing and analyzing information, and developing and supporting ideas and opinions. In research paper writing we have almost a “complete course, ” as it were, in critical thinking skills. D. Kluge, M. Taylor
[Making It Easier to Teach Research Paper Writing] 共著 2007年 6月 JALT CUE SIG (College and University Educators Special Interest Group) Conference, Sugiyama Jogakuen University. In this commercial oral presentation, David Kluge and I introduced our research paper writing textbook {Basic Steps to Research Paper Writing}, and explained its finer points. We demonstrated how to use the book for all the stages of pre-writing, writing, and revising a research paper, including using the workbook, and teacher-student conferencing at certain important stages or pre-writing. D. Kluge, M. Taylor
[Should Research Paper Writing Be Taught in Japanese Universities? YES!] 共著 2007年 9月 Symposium on Second Language Writing, Second Language Writing in the Pacific Rim, Nagoya Gakuin University In this oral presentation, David Kluge and I argued for the necessity of the teaching of research paper in Japanese universities, especially in language programs. Though many university programs are easing academic requirements and pursuing a more vocational focus, we argue that research paper writing should not be abandoned. Research paper writing is, or should be an essential part of students’ university education, but even practically speaking, it teaches them skills that are relevant to the rest of their university experience, and also to careers: researching and gathering information and presenting it in a coherent, well-organized manner. D. Kluge , M. Taylor
[Controlled Independence: A Partner Taping System for University English Majors] 共著 2007年10月 The Independent Learning Association, Japan Conference, Kanda University of International Studies In this oral presentation, David Kluge and I presented our “Partner Taping” system as a way of moving students toward autonomous learning by getting them to take charge of their own learning and to see language practice as something that happens beyond the walls of the classroom. Since several other institutions in our area have also begun to use our partner taping system, we presented results of a questionnaire that we sent to teachers at this institution to find how they were administering it. Of particular interest to us was the degrees of autonomy or choice left to the students in each program. Our conclusion was that each program has specific goals and needs, and that assessing degrees of autonomy is not straightforward. D. Kluge , M. Taylor
[Making It Easier to Teach Research Paper Writing] 共著 2007年11月 JALT 2007 Conference, National Olympics Memorial Youth Center, Tokyo In this commercial oral presentation, David Kluge and I introduced our research paper writing textbook {Basic Steps to Research Paper Writing}, and explained its finer points. We demonstrated how to use the book for all the stages of pre-writing, writing, and revising a research paper, including using the workbook, and teacher-student conferencing at certain important stages or pre-writing. We went over some of the useful exercises at the end of units and the liberal use of examples and samples. D. Kluge, M. Taylor
[Research Paper Writing at Japanese Universities] 共著 2007年11月 JALT 2007 Conference, National Olympics Memorial Youth Center, Tokyo In this oral presentation, David Kluge and I argued for the necessity of the teaching of research paper in Japanese universities, especially in language programs. Though many university programs are easing academic requirements and pursuing a more vocational focus, we argue that research paper writing should not be abandoned. Research paper writing is, or should be an essential part of students’ university education, but even practically speaking, it teaches them skills that are relevant to the rest of their university experience, and also to careers: researching and gathering information and presenting it in a coherent, well-organized manner. We covered common problems that teachers have to deal with in student writing. D. Kluge , M. Taylor
[Scrapbooks and Partner Taping for Speaking Practice] 共著 2007年11月 JALT 2007 Conference, National Olympics Memorial Youth Center, Tokyo In this 2 hour poster session, David Kluge and I presented our system of partner taping and personalized scrapbooks. With a very large poster board for our presentation, we were able to use many glossy photos showing student work with Scrapbook design, and also photos of in-class activities with Scrapbooks. The poster space also provided space for us to explain step by step how to implement both systems as part of the class, and what design templates and written instructions to give the students. D. Kluge, M. Taylor
[Using Personalized Scrapbooks in Your Speaking Class] 共著 2008年 6月 JACET/JALT Joint Regional Conference, Chukyo University, Nagoya In this oral presentation, David Kluge and I presented our use of personalized scrapbooks as a supplementary component in speaking class. We used Powerpoint in order to show our design templates for students and show photo slides of student work to demonstrate how creative students can be starting with such a simple template. We explained how to introduce the system and how to integrate it fruitfully into course work and oral testing. Scrapbooks increase motivation and involvement in speaking class by personalizing the material and making it relevant and exciting to students. D. Kluge, M. Taylor
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国際学会監修

著書名 単著、
共著の別
出版年月 発行所・発表雑誌等 概要
第10回生成人類夏季国際学会、「文化の普遍性・個別性とグローバリゼーション」 共著 2016年 6月 金城学院大学、名古屋、 第10回生成人類夏季国際学会、「文化の普遍性・個別性とグローバリゼーション」 I co-organized this three day conference (June 17-June 19) with Kiyoshi Kawahara, gathering scholars from eight countries, including prominent Girard scholars, regional scholars, and Eric Gans, the founder of Generative Anthropology. Our conference also honored René Girard, who had died half a year earlier, with a series of commemorative lectures and a panel. This conference received a supporting grant from the Institute for the Study of Christian Culture of Kinjo Gakuin University, and was also funded by the conference fees of attendees. The topics ranged over literature, philosophy, social theory, ethology, ethnology, religion, Christianity, Buddhism, inter-religious dialogue, mimetic theory, and generative anthropology. We also coordinated simultaneous translation for most of our key public lectures, panel, and symposium. Our website, call for papers, announcements, and program pamphlet were also bilingual.
René Girard Memorial Lectures and Symposium 共著 2016年11月 金城学院大学、名古屋、 第10回生成人類夏季国際学会、 “Forgive Us Our Debts”: René Girard, Atonement, and Christian-Buddhist Dialogue Almost exactly one year after the passing of René Girard (December 25, 1923 - November 4, 2015), this one day event, organized by myself and Kiyoshi Kawahara, honors Girard's legacy with lectures and a symposium focusing on the impact of his mimetic theory, particularly on the Christian doctrine of atonement, as well as Christian-Buddhist dialogue. Extending a dialogue begun at the 10th Annual Conference of the Generative Anthropology held at Kinjo Gakuin University in June, 2016, this event brings together prominent Girard scholars (Paul Dumouchel and Jeremiah Alberg), the Buddhist scholar Musashi Tachikawa, and researchers associated with Kinjo Gakuin University (Sumio Takeda, Kiyoshi Kawahara, and Matthew Taylor). This event is supported by the Institute for the Study of Christian Culture of Kinjo University. It is free and open to the public.
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Anthropoetics: Journal of Generative Anthropology, Volume 22, Issue 1 (Fall 2016)

著書名 単著、
共著の別
出版年月 発行所・発表雑誌等 概要
Anthropoetics: Journal of Generative Anthropology 共著 2016年10月 Guest editing of an international academic journal 国際学術誌の客員編集 The Fall 2016 issue of Anthropoetics is devoted to the 10th annual conference of the Generative Anthropology Society and Conference held June 2016 at Kinjo Gakuin University (第10回生成人類夏季国際学会、「文化の普遍性・個別性とグローバリゼーション). As organizers of that conference, Kiyoshi Kawahara and I were asked to be guest editors of this special issue. The issue features papers from the conference. This is the first issue of Anthropoetics with bilingual articles (English and Japanese). Those three studies were by Kinjo Gakuin University professors who presented at the conference on Japanese art, politics, religion, and folklore. Another three articles were from Generative Anthropology scholars from Canada, Poland, and the United Kingdom.
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Interview with a Distributist

著書名 単著、
共著の別
出版年月 発行所・発表雑誌等 概要
金城学院大学キリスト教文化研究所紀要, vol. 23 共著 2020年 3月 金城学院大学キリスト教文化研究所 This interview with retired engineer and distributist Thomas Turner explores distributism both historically and impressionistically as a third way integrating economics with morality and creativity. Unlike communism, private property is the basis of distributism, but unlike capitalism “productive property” is distributed as widely as possible. Distributism was nearly universal before productive property owners became wage earners. This conversation considers distributism’s Christian roots in the Catholic encyclical Rerum Novarum and in G. K. Chesterton’s thought, as well as broader applications such as E. F. Schumacher’s “Buddhist economics” and the role of technological innovation. (Page 1-22.)
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